UPV Test (Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity):

An ultrasonic pulse velocity test is an in-situ, nondestructive test to check the quality of concrete and natural rocks. In this test, the strength and quality of concrete or rock is assessed by measuring the velocity of an ultrasonic pulse passing through a concrete structure or natural rock formation.

Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Method:

This test is done to assess the quality of concrete by ultrasonic pulse velocity method as per IS: 13311 (Part 1) – 1992.The method consists of measuring the time of travel of an ultrasonic pulse passing through the concrete being tested. Comparatively higher velocity is obtained when concrete quality is good in terms of density, uniformity, homogeneity etc.


Procedure to determine strength of hardened concrete by Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity:

  1. i) preparing for use: Before switching on the ‘V’ meter, the transducers should be connected to the sockets marked “TRAN” and” REC”.
    The ‘V’ meter may be operated with either:
    a) the internal battery,
    b) an external battery or
    c) the A.C line.
  2. ii) Set reference: A reference bar is provided to check the instrument zero. The pulse time for the bar is engraved on it. Apply a smear of grease to the transducer faces before placing it on the opposite ends of the bar. Adjust the ‘SET REF’ control until the reference bar transit time is obtained on the instrument read-out.